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Anatomy of the Asian Elephant

Anatomy of the Asian Elephant

The Asian elephant is a species unlike any other – the second largest land mammal in the world and one of the most intelligent animals on earth. Unfortunately, with less than 35,000 Asian elephants left on the planet, it is also one of the world’s most endangered species. As home to the largest sustainable elephant population in the Western Hemisphere, the Ringling Bros. Center for Elephant Conservation takes its responsibility to educate the public about these magnificent animals very seriously.

About the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)

Weight:

3-7 tons (6,000-14,000 lbs)

Height:

7-12 feet

Body Shape:

Back – Rounded

Belly:

Level or slopes in the middle

Head:

Two domes

Ears:

Small and rectangular

Tusks:

Some males have large tusks. Females and some males have tusks called “tushes†which seldom extend beyond the upper lip

Trunk:

Tip of the trunk has 1 finger-like projection

Skin:

Lightly wrinkled with sparse hair over entire body

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