Anatomy of the Asian Elephant

Anatomy of the Asian Elephant

The Asian elephant is a species unlike any other – the second largest land mammal in the world and one of the most intelligent animals on earth.
Unfortunately, with less than 35,000 Asian elephants left on the planet, it is also one of the world’s most endangered species. As home to the
largest sustainable elephant population in the Western Hemisphere, the Ringling Bros. Center for Elephant Conservation takes its
responsibility to educate the public about these magnificent animals very seriously.

About the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)


3-7 tons (6,000-14,000 lbs)


7-12 feet

Body Shape:

Back – Rounded


Level or slopes in the middle


Two domes


Small and rectangular


Some males have large tusks. Females and some males have tusks called “tushes†which seldom extend beyond the upper lip


Tip of the trunk has 1 finger-like projection


Lightly wrinkled with sparse hair over entire body

Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey®